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How to Write Citations

Writing citations can be a challenging experience. It's important to give credit to the authors and sources used in your paper and to avoid plagiarizing.

The links below can help you write citations. Contact the library or the Writing Center for more information.

MLA and APA are the two most common citation styles you will use and encounter in your research.

Here are two other citation styles you may encounter.

MLA Citation

A few basics about writing citations

Try the library's MLA 8 Citation Handout for help with a Works Cited page.

If you are still using the 7th Edition of the MLA Handbook, use this MLA Citation Handout instead.

A more extensive list of examples

See Purdue OWL's MLA Formatting and Style Guide for examples.

Citing a legal source

See this LibGuide for help.

Quoting or paraphrasing another author's ideas

Those are called In-text Citations.

Help with layout or formatting questions

See a MLA Sample Paper or MLA Sample Works Cited Page.

An online tool that will help you write MLA citations

Try NoodleTools Express. You'll answer a series of questions about your sources and a citation will be automatically written. Verify it for accuracy and copy/paste it into your paper.

APA Citation

A few basics about writing citations

Try the library's APA Citation Handout for help with a Works Cited page.

A more extensive list of examples

See Purdue OWL's APA Formatting and Style Guide for examples.

Citing a legal source

See this LibGuide for help.

Quoting or paraphrasing another author's ideas

Those are called In-text Citations.

Help with layout or formatting questions

See an APA Sample Paper or APA General Formatting Guide.

An online tool that will help you write APA citations

Try NoodleTools Express. You'll answer a series of questions about your sources and a citation will be automatically written. Verify it for accuracy and copy/paste it into your paper.

Need a DOI Number (Digital Object Indicator)?

Go to Crossref's Free DOI Lookup to find it. This 4 minute video explains how to find a DOI and how to use it.

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